The Reformation, (Luther, Calvin) essentially reclaimed Augustine’s interpretation—and that has been the official position of the Church ever since, with the writing of Dante and the paintings of Bosch as the emotional framework and the visual cue giving weight to their imagination.
It was in that period, from about three hundred years after Jesus, through the Reformation, that our vision of Hell and Heaven was formed, as were most of the other dogmas' that are the basis of our doctrine. A kind of snaggle toothed evolution, more closely resembling a modern congressional district, than God directed, the ever present problem of politicians and priests!
The enlightenment began a period of reclaiming the philosophical and intellectual culture of the Greeks, leading to the rebuilding of Europe, leaving The Church scrambling to keep up.
And so the mainstream of Christian tradition moves forward against the intellectual tide, haughty in our ignorance and dogmatic in our faith—demanding that the non-Christian world conform to our way of life, with America, the new Israel leading the way—on the hunt for Pharisees and heretics, spreading the Gospel one vote at a time. Never looking in the mirror long enough to reflect on the possibility that we might be wrong.